QUT research paves the way for next-gen 3D printing

3D

Image credit: QUT.

QUT researchers are paving the way for the next generation of 3D printers, by using intersecting light beams to control chemical reactions in an advanced material that prints entire layers rather than single points at a time.

QUT’s Centre for Materials Science interdisciplinary research team, made up of Dr Sarah Walden, Leona Rodrigues, Dr Jessica Alves, Associate Professor James Blinco, Dr Vinh Truong, and ARC Laureate Fellow Professor Christopher Barner-Kowollik, have published their research in Nature Communications.

Walden said light was a particularly desirable tool for activating chemical processes because of the precision it offered in starting a reaction.

“Most of the work QUT’s Soft Matter Materials Group researchers have done in the past with light has been to use a laser beam to start and stop a chemical reaction along the entire volume where the light strikes the material,” Walden said. “In this case, we have two different coloured light beams, and the reaction only occurs where the two beams intersect.

“We use one colour of light to activate one molecule, and the second colour of light to activate another molecule. And where the two light beams meet, the two activated molecules react to form a solid material. Normally, in a 3D printer, the inkjet moves around in two dimensions, slowly printing one 2D layer before moving up to print another layer on top. But using this technology, you could have a whole two-dimensional sheet activated, and print the entire sheet at once.”

Barner-Kowollik said such two colour activated materials are currently very rare.

“This project is about proving the viability of the ink for future generation of printers,” he said.

Barner-Kowollik said one of the challenges of the project was to find two molecules that could be activated by two different colours of light and then have them react together.

“This is where the innovation comes from,” Barner-Kowollik said. “You want a molecule to be activated with one colour of light but not the other colour, and vice versa. That’s not easy to find, it’s actually quite hard to find.”

Truong, after much work, was able to find two molecules that reacted to the lights in the required manner and combined to form a very solid material.

“In our chemical design, both light activated processes are reversible,” Truong said. “Hence we can control exactly when and where the solid material may form.”